The National Parks and Wildlife Refuges of Costa  Rica are managed by MINAE, the Ministerio de Ambiental y Energia. Responding to the new policies of the MINAE, eleven Conservation Areas were established by this department in 1998 to oversee and manage the public lands of Costa Rica. These conservation areas are known as the Sistema Nacional de Areas de Conservacion, or SINAC.

 

 

Amount Category Area (ha) % National Territory
(5.099.873 ha)
25 National Parks 623.771 12,23%
8 Biological Reserves 21.674 0,42%
32 Protected Zones 155.817 3,06%
11 Forest Reserves 227.834 4,47%
58 Wildlife Refuges 180.035 3,53%
15 Wetlands/Mangroves 77.869 1,53%
12 Other Categories 17.306 0,34%
161 TOTALS 1.304.306 25,58%

 

NP
WR
BR
FR
NM
National Park
Wildlife Reserve
Biological Reserve
Forest Reserve
National Monument
Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Coral Marine Life  Sea Turtles  Fishing Diving  Surfing Beaches  Volcano  Mountains Lake Waterfalls Hot Springs  Rivers Dry Forest Cloud Forest Rain Forest Desert Mangroves
Northern Pacific
NP  Santa Rosa Birds Mammals Marine Life Sea Turtles Surfing Beaches Dry Forest Mangroves
WR  Junquillal Bay Marine Life Sea Turtles Diving Beaches Dry Forest Mangroves
NP  Barra Honda Fungi Mountains Waterfalls Dry Forest
NP  Palo Verde Birds Mammals Lake Rivers Rain Forest
BR  Lomas de Barbudal Rivers Dry Forest
NP  Las Baulas Marine Marine Life Sea Turtles Beaches Mangroves
WR  Bosque Diria Birds Orchids Fungi Ferns Rivers Dry Forest
WR  Ostional Marine Life Sea Turtles Beaches Rain Forest
Northern Mountains
WR  Caño Negro Birds Mammals Fishing Lake Rivers Rain Forest
NP  Guanacaste Birds Mammals Fungi Volcano Dry Forest
NP  Arenal Volcano Birds Orchids Fungi Ferns Fishing Volcano Lake Waterfalls Hot Springs Rain Forest
NP  Rincon de la Vieja Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Volcano Waterfalls Hot Springs Rivers Rain Forest
NP  Tenorio Volcano Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Volcano Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest Rain Forest
BR  Alberto Brenes Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest
Central Pacific
NR  Cabo Blanco Birds Mammals Fungi Coral Diving Beaches Waterfalls Rivers
BR  Carara Birds Rain Forest
NP  Manuel Antonio Marine Life Beaches Rain Forest Mangroves
NP  Ballena Marine Park Marine Life Sea Turtles Beaches
Central Mountains
NP  Braulio Carrillo Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Volcano Lake Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest Rain Forest
NP  Juan Castro Blanco Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest Rain Forest
NP  Poás Volcano Volcano Lake Cloud Forest
NP  Irazú Volcano Fungi Volcano
FR  Ruben Torres Rojas Fungi Rivers
NP  Turrialba Volcano Orchids Volcano
BR  Cerro Las Vueltas Birds Rivers Cloud Forest
NM  Guayabo Birds Orchids Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest Rain Forest
Southern Pacific
NP  Corcovado Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Marine Life Sea Turtles Diving Beaches Waterfalls Rivers Rain Forest Mangroves
NP  Piedras Blancas Birds Mammals Orchids Ferns Rivers Rain Forest Mangroves
WR  Golfito Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Beaches Waterfalls Rivers Dry Forest Cloud Forest Mangroves
NP  Isla del Coco Birds Coral Marine Life Diving Beaches Waterfalls Cloud Forest Rain Forest
BR  Isla del Caño Coral Marine Life Sea Turtles Diving Beaches Rain Forest
Southern Mountains
NP  Chirripó Birds Mammals Orchids Ferns Lake Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest Rain Forest Desert
NP  Tapantí Birds Orchids Fungi Ferns Waterfalls Rivers Rain Forest
NP  La Amistad Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Lake Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest
NP  Barbilla Birds Orchids Fungi Ferns Waterfalls Rain Forest
Caribbean
WR  Caño Negro Birds Rain Forest
NP  Tortuguero Birds Mammals Fungi Ferns Marine Life Sea Turtles Lake Rain Forest
NP  Cahuita Coral Marine Life Beaches Rain Forest
WR  Gandoca Manzanillo Birds Coral Marine Life Diving Beaches Lake Rain Forest Mangroves
BR  Hitoy Cerrere Birds Mammals Orchids Fungi Ferns Waterfalls Rivers Cloud Forest Rain Forest