The Ministry of Health of Costa Rica declared a health alert in the country for Malaria, after the increase of the risk in Nicaragua.
Costa Rica did not report any cases of malaria from 2012 until 2015, and with some patients in 2016, the disease has been controlled.
The country has a standard and a national plan ensuring the early detection and notification of treatment and referral:
Increased monitoring actions in the health system to locate possible diseases.
- Notify the Ministry of Health in each case.
- Epidemiological investigation of 100% of cases.
- Local analysis by the Ministry of Health.
- Training and sensitization to health service personnel.
Increased communication actions in the country to get a greater prevention.
- Define strategies for people to identify mosquito breeding sites. (The prevention for all mosquito caused diseases in Costa Rica is done through the elementary and high schools and the different county governments in the risk areas)
- Protection against mosquitoes such as; Repellent, mosquito nets, clothing covering the most exposed parts of the body.
A provision of health services.
- Health services should apply the case definitions to capture any suspected cases.
- Any confirmed case must have immediate radical treatment.
Regarding tourism, visitors should take the following precautions:
- On the outside, it is recommended to wear long-sleeved clothing and long pants, especially at dusk and at dawn, avoiding wearing dark colors, as these attract mosquitoes. Repellents applied to clothing give extra protection.
- On parts of the body that are not covered by clothing, use insect repellents based on diethyltoluamide or pyrethrins. Repellents should be utilized by the manufacturer’s instructions and without exceeding the prescribed doses.
If your vacation includes the Caribbean or Northern areas is important to check with your doctor before coming to Costa Rica to see preventive measures.